California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center




The San Francisco Bay Area contains a rich array of plant and animal biodiversity and an extensive open space network, embedded within a major metropolitan area. The distribution of habitats and plant and animal species is strongly influenced by spatial variation in climate, and is thus expected to change in response to changes in regional and global climate. The objective of this paper is to summarize the current state of research on the potential impacts of anthropogenic climate change on SFBA biodiversity and ecosystem services. This paper focuses on terrestrial habitats, with brief discussions of intertidal wetlands and coastal and nearshore environments. Strategic conservation planning in the Bay Area is under way to enhance biodiversity conservation through continued open space acquisition. Conservation of heterogeneous landscapes will provide resilience in the face of climate change.


Drought Flooding Sea level rise Temperature Wildfire

Resource Type

Assessment Data, tools, and research Planning and policy guidance


Extent: Alameda County, Contra Costa County, Marin County, Napa County, San Francisco, San Mateo County, Santa Clara County, Santa Cruz County, Solano County, Sonoma County


Last updated: April 7, 2020