As the field of climate adaptation continues to evolve, so too does our understanding of how to secure investments that support climate adaptation strategies and resilient communities. Many local jurisdictions across California have started incorporating climate change considerations into local planning efforts, however many jurisdictions face significant barriers to implementation due to financing and funding challenges. Given the relative newness of the field of practice, there are a limited number of guidance resources currently available. 

In an effort to support this emergent area, the Governor's Office of Planning and Research, through the Integrated Climate Adaptation and Resilience Program (ICARP), developmed a climate adaptation finance book, authored by Jesse M. Keenan from Harvard University. Climate Adpatation Finance and Investment in California is available as both an e-book and as a PDF.

Additionally, research projects funded through California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment  provide further insight into the local government barriers to implementation – including financing and funding. 

These reports are available at

State Funding Opportunities

In addition to the resources in the Adaptation Clearinghouse Database the following is a list of current State funding opportunities that support a number of sustainable development, climate mitigation and resiliency outcomes. While not all grant programs were designed as climate adaptation-specific funding streams, the programmatic outcomes supported through these grants can support adaptation and resilience. This page will be updated periodically as existing programs or funds are closed and new ones come on line. This is not intended to be a comprehensive list of all State of California grant programs. If you have suggestions for additional State grant programs that should be included on this page, send an email to

    • California Department of Food and Agriculture Dairy Digester Research and Development Program

      The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)’s Dairy Digester Research and Development Program (DDRDP) provides financial assistance for the installation of dairy digesters in California, which will result in reduced greenhouse gas emissions. CDFA received $99 million from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund in 2017 (AB 109 - Budget Act of 2017) for methane emissions reductions from dairy and livestock operations. CDFA plans to allocate between 65-80% of the funds as incentives to support digester projects on California dairy operations. Remainder of the funding appropriation will incentivize development of non-digester practices to reduce methane emissions through the Alternative Manure Management Program (AMMP).

    • Alternative Manure Management Program

      The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA)’s Alternative Manure Management Program (AMMP) provides financial assistance for the implementation of non-digester manure management practices in California, which will result in reduced greenhouse gas emissions. CDFA received $99 million from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund in 2017 (AB 109 - Budget Act of 2017) for methane emissions reductions from dairy and livestock operations. CDFA will allocate between 20-35% of the funds as incentives to support non-digester practices on California dairy and livestock operations.

    • State Water Efficiency and Enhancement Program (SWEEP)

      The State Water Efficiency and Enhancement Program (SWEEP) provides financial assistance in the form of grants to implement irrigation systems that reduce greenhouse gases and save water on California agricultural operations.

    • Strategic Growth Council’s Sustainable Agriculture Lands Conservation (SALC) Program

      The Sustainable Agricultural Lands Conservation (SALC) program is a component of the Strategic Growth Council’s Affordable Housing and Sustainability Program. The program supports the protection and management of California's agricultural lands through planning and permanent protection of farm and ranch lands via agricultural easements. SALC will prevent increases in GHG emissions by limiting opportunities for expansive, vehicle dependent forms of development in favor of more focused, compact, and transit-oriented development within discrete growth boundaries. In future years, SALC is proposed to support farm-scale conservation management practices that further promote reductions in GHG emissions and increases in soil carbon sequestration.

    • Proposition 1 Restoration Grant Programs

      Proposition 1 provides funding to meet California Water Action Plan objectives of more reliable water supplies, restoration of important species and habitat, and more resilient, sustainably managed water resources system that can better withstand inevitable and unforeseen pressures in the coming decades. The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) supports two Restoration Grant Programs through Proposition 1. To date, the CDFW Proposition 1 Restoration Grant Programs awarded over $114 million to 109 multi-benefit ecosystem restoration and protection projects.

      1. The Watershed Restoration Grant Program focuses on water quality, river, and watershed protection and restoration projects of statewide importance outside of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.
      2. The Delta Water Quality and Ecosystem Restoration Grant Program focuses on water quality, ecosystem restoration, and fish protection facilities that benefit the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.
    • Wetlands Restoration for Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program

      The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program (GGRP) restores wetland ecosystems to provide essential services to California's people, wildlife, and fish. Wetlands have high carbon sequestration rates that can sequester carbon for decades. There is tremendous opportunity to restore large areas of mountain meadow, coastal, and Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta wetlands that do not currently provide the full potential of carbon storage or other benefits due to historical land use.

    • Grants for Natural Community Conservation Plans (NCCPs) and Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs)

      The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) sponsors several grant programs to assist in funding NCCPs and HCPs. Three of these important programs are administered by the Habitat Conservation Planning Branch. The NCCP Local Assistance Grant (LAG) Program provides state funds for urgent tasks associated with the implementation of approved NCCPs or NCCPs anticipated to be approved within 12 months of grant application. CDFW is also the state sponsor of the federal ESA Nontraditional Section 6 Grant Programs. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service offers funding through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund to support conservation planning and purchases of vital habitat for threatened and endangered fish, wildlife, and plant species.

    • Endangered Species Recovery Land Acquisition Grant Program (Non-traditional Section 6)

      The Endangered Species Recovery Land Acquisition (RLA) Grant Program is one of four grant programs administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund (CESCF) and authorized through Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973. The RLA Grant Program is part of what is known as the Nontraditional Section 6 Program, and provides funding to States and Territories for the acquisition of threatened and endangered species habitat in support of approved and draft species recovery plans. The RLA Grant Program is coordinated by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) Wildlife Branch in California.

      There are two additional Nontraditional Section 6 grants available for Habitat Conservation Plan Land Acquisition (HCPLA) and Habitat Conservation Planning Assistance (HCPA), both coordinated by the Habitat Conservation Planning Branch. The fourth type of Section 6 Grant available is known as the Traditional Section 6 Program and supports recovery projects for Threatened and Endangered Species Conservation and Recovery, and is also administered by CDFW Wildlife Branch.

    • Low-Income Weatherization Program

      The State of California's Low-Income Weatherization Program (LIWP) is a California Climate Investments Program. LIWP installs solar photovoltaics (PV), solar hot water heaters, and energy efficiency measures in eligible low‐income single family and multi‐family dwellings in disadvantaged communities to reduce GHG emissions and save energy. Weatherization efforts for the people of California improve their resilience to natural disasters, extreme heat and cold, and other impacts of a changing climate by ensuring their energy use is efficient and secure.

    • Energy Efficiency Financing

      The Energy Commission will accept loan applications on a first-come, first-served basis for projects with proven energy savings from public entities, including schools and education offices, cities, counties, and public colleges or universities. All loan applications must be designated to receive a Clean Energy Jobs Act (proposition 39) award in order to be eligible for the 0% loan. Projects with proven energy and/or demand cost savings are eligible, and the projects must be technically and economically feasible.

    • California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services (CalOES)

      CalOES is responsible for the coordination of overall state agency response to disasters, specifically assuring the state's readiness to respond to and recover from all hazards, as well as assisting local governments in their emergency preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation. Disaster mitigation and recovery funding is allocated and distributed through Cal OES from the federal government:

      • Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)

        FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages including the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA). The HMGP Unit administers the Federal Emergency Management Agency's HMGP and provides subject matter expertise to local governments and other eligible applicant with respect to mitigation activities, application development and grant management.

      • Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG)

        The purpose of the EMPG Program is to provide federal grants to States to assist State, local, territorial, and tribal governments in preparing for all hazards.

    • California’s Forest Improvement Program

      This program offers cost-share opportunities to reimburse individual landowners with land management planning, conservation practices to enhance wildlife habitat, and practices to enhance the productivity of the land. Timber Regulation and Forest Restoration Fund Revenues have enabled the California Forest Improvement Program to facilitate 183 projects across 52,200 acres statewide in FY 2015-2016 and 2016-2017.

    • CAL FIRE Forest Health: California Climate Investments Grants

      The CAL FIRE Forest Health Grants work through the California Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund to finance projects that proactively restore forest health for multiple benefits.

    • CAL FIRE Urban and Community Forestry Program California Climate Investments (CCI) Grants

      The CAL FIRE Urban & Community Forestry Program works to optimize the benefits of trees and related vegetation through multiple-objective projects as specified in the California Urban Forestry Act of 1978. These projects further the goals of the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32), result in a net greenhouse gas (GHG) benefit, and provide environmental services and cost-effective solutions to the needs of urban communities and local agencies. Co-benefits of the projects include increased water supply, clean air and water, reduced energy use, flood and storm water management, recreation, urban revitalization, improved public health, and producing useful products such as bio-fuel, clean energy, and high quality wood.

    • Strategic Growth Council: Affordable Housing and Sustainable Communities (AHSC) Program

      Funded by California’s Cap-and-Trade revenue, the AHSC program makes it easier for Californians to drive less by engaging in active transportation, such as walking, biking, and using transit. To date, the AHSC Program has invested $440 million across the state on 60 sustainable projects. The Program also works to reimagine land use and city planning in a way that brings housing closer to jobs, amenities, and low-carbon transportation. Over 70% of AHSC funds have benefited disadvantaged communities thus far, providing affordable housing, improved air quality, affordable transportation options, and better access to jobs and amenities.

    • Strategic Growth Council: Transformative Climate Communities (TCC) Program

      As California seeks to achieve its climate goals, it is critical that those most impacted by pollution share the benefits of this transformation. The TCC Program funds development and infrastructure projects that achieve major environmental, health, and economic benefits in California’s most disadvantaged communities. Funded by California’s Cap-and-Trade Program, TCC empowers the communities most impacted by pollution to choose their own goals, strategies, and projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution – all with data-driven milestones and measurable outcomes.

    • Proposition 1 Funding: Water Quality, Supply, and Infrastructure Improvement Act of 2014

      The California Ocean Protection Council (OPC) was established to improve the management and protection of ocean and coastal resources and ecosystems. One of the many ways OPC achieves this purpose is by supporting innovative research that directly informs and improves the stewardship of ocean and coastal resources. Funding from Prop 1 is intended to fund projects that meet the goals of the state Water Action Plan2 to provide more reliable water supplies, restore important species and habitat, and develop a more resilient and sustainably managed water system – including water supply, water quality, flood protection, and watershed protection - that can better withstand inevitable pressures in the coming decades. Prop 1, Chapter 6, “Protecting Rivers, Lakes, Streams, Coastal Waters, and Watersheds,” allocates $30 million to the OPC for a competitive grant program for multi-benefit ecosystem and watershed protection and restoration projects in accordance with statewide priorities.

    • Proposition 84 Funding: Safe Drinking Water, Water Quality and Supply, Flood Control, River and Coastal Protection Bond Act of 2006

      Proposition 84 funds may be used for a wide range of purposes including scientific research, adaptive management, and conservation of marine resources. OPC’s priority topic areas for this funding include ocean acidification and hypoxia, sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, sea-level rise adaptation and coastal resilience, coastal sediment management, marine pollution, and marine renewable energy. This competitive grant program is being administered by California Sea Grant and USC Sea Grant, where you can find the call for pre-proposals, eligibility, pre-proposal submission instructions, and other information.

    • Marine Protected Area (MPA) Monitoring Program Funding

      In 2015, the California legislature designated an ongoing appropriation of $2.5 million dollars of the General Fund annually to support MPA Monitoring to evaluate the performance of California’s MPA Network. Additional funding sources may also become available to support this work. Funds are disbursed through both a competitive and needs-based process.

    • Opportunities through California State Parks’ Office of Grants and Local Services (OGALS) Programs

      OGALS administers grants annually for park and recreation needs. Since 2000, OGALS has awarded nearly $3 billion in grants for local park projects. In June 2017, $16 million in grants were awarded through OGALS from the 2002 Resources Bond Act (Proposition 40) for 25 local park projects.

    • Wildlife Conservation Board’s Public Access Program

      The Wildlife Conservation Board’s Public Access Development Program funds projects to improve public access to hunting, fishing, or other wildlife-oriented recreation throughout California. Grant guidelines require applicants to consider climate change within their proposals, and the 2017 solicitation was focused to provide enhanced access to nature and wildlife for youth, disadvantaged communities, and urban-focused populations.

    • California Natural Resources Agency Urban Greening Grants

      The California Natural Resources Agency’s Urban Greening Program funds green infrastructure projects that improve access to greenspace with climate adaptation co-benefits. These projects can include expansion of neighborhood parks and community space and greening of public lands and structures such as schoolyards. Through California Climate Investments, $26,000,000 is available for Round Two of the program.

    • CAL FIRE’s Urban and Community Forestry Program

      CAL FIRE distributes Urban Forestry grants through California Climate Investments that expand and enhance the urban tree canopy in California’s communities; these projects are often linked to the development of urban parks and the improvement and restoration of urban river parkways. Additionally, CAL FIRE’s Urban and Community Forestry Program works in cooperation with nonprofits such as California ReLeaf and with seven Regional Urban Foresters to advance the development of sustainable urban and community forests in California.

    • State Coastal Conservancy’s Climate Ready Program

      The State Coastal Conservancy’s Climate Ready Program supports planning, project implementation, and multi-agency coordination to advance actions that will increase the resilience of coastal communities, ecosystems, and beaches.

    • State Coastal Conservancy Explore the Coast Grants

      The Explore the Coast grants fund programs to enable and encourage all Californians to visit and enjoy the coast. The Coastal Conservancy has awarded more than 150 of these grants that fund buses to bring central valley school children on coastal field trips, camping trips for foster children and many other programs. These programs include support for tribal organizations to educate youth about ancestral territory, traditional ecological knowledge and cultural identity.

    • California Active Transportation Program (ATP)

      The ATP consolidates existing federal and state transportation programs, including the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP), Bicycle Transportation Account (BTA), and State Safe Routes to School (SR2S), into a single program with a focus to make California a national leader in active transportation. The ATP is administered by Caltrans’ Division of Local Assistance, Office of Active Transportation and Special Programs.

    • Caltrans Transit and Intercity Rail Capital Program (TIRCP)

      TIRCP funds transformative capital improvements that will modernize California’s intercity, commuter, and urban rail systems, and bus and ferry transit systems to reduce greenhouse gases by reducing congestion and vehicle miles traveled throughout California. TIRCP received $200 million in 2015-16 and will receive 10 percent of annual state Cap-and-Trade auction proceeds as a continuous appropriation. Additional funding from Senate Bill 1 (the Road Repair and Accountability Act of 2017) is estimated to generate $323 million in 2017-18 and about $3 billion in the next ten years for TIRCP.

    • Caltrans Low Carbon Transit Operations Program (LCTOP)

      LCTOP provides operating and capital assistance for transit agencies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve mobility, with a priority on serving disadvantaged communities. Approved projects in LCTOP will support new or expanded bus or rail services, expand intermodal transit facilities, and may include equipment acquisition, fueling, maintenance and other costs to operate those services or facilities, with each project reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For agencies whose service area includes disadvantaged communities, at least 50 percent of the total moneys received shall be expended on projects that will benefit disadvantaged communities. Senate Bill 862 continuously appropriates five percent of the annual auction proceeds in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (Fund) for LCTOP, beginning in 2015-16.

    • Road Repair and Accountability Fund

      The Legislature passed and the Governor signed SB 1 (Beall, 2017), also known as the Road Repair and Accountability Act of 2017, increasing transportation funding and instituting much-needed reforms. SB 1 provides the first significant, stable, and on-going increase in state transportation funding in more than two decades. This fund includes adding funding to Caltrans’ Transportation Planning Grant Program, originally funded through the State Transportation Account and Federal Highway Administration allocations, to further state goals. These grants include:

      • Adaptation Planning Grants - support planning actions at local and regional levels that advance climate change efforts on the transportation system. This program represents the first dedicated adaptation-planning fund from the states.

      • Strategic Partnerships Grants - identifies and address statewide, interregional, or regional transportation deficiencies on the State highway system in partnership with Caltrans.

      • Sustainable Communities Grants - encourages local and regional planning that furthers state goals, including, but not limited to, the goals and best practices.

    • Light Duty Vehicle Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure: Operation and Maintenance Grants

      The California Energy Commission’s (Energy Commission’s) Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (ARFVTP) announces the availability of up to $7.3 million in funding for eligible hydrogen refueling station operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    • Public Fleet Pilot Project

      Administered by CSE for the California Air Resources Board, the Increased Incentives for Public Fleets in Disadvantaged Communities (Public Fleet Pilot Project) offers up to $15,000 in rebates for the purchase of new, eligible zero-emission and plug-in hybrid light-duty vehicles. The Public Fleet Pilot Project replaces standard CVRP rebates with increased incentives for public agencies operating in California’s most vulnerable and pollution-burdened areas.

    • California Climate Investments Program

      Transportation and Sustainable Communities Program

      • Active Transportation - supports ongoing Caltrans efforts to fund new facilities and programs to promote increased use of active modes of transportation, such as biking and walking. Funded through Caltrans, this program supports new pedestrian facilities, new bike paths or lanes, and new or expanded bike share programs.

      • Affordable Housing & Sustainable Communities - this Strategic Growth Council program invests in projects that reduce vehicle miles traveled by supporting compact, infill development patterns, encouraging active transportation and transit usage, and protecting agricultural land from sprawl development.

      • Low Carbon Transit Operations - Caltrans administers this program, which provides operating and capital assistance funding for transit agencies to reduce GHG emissions and improve mobility, with a priority on serving disadvantaged communities. Supports new or expanded bus, ferry, rail services, or transit facilities, and may include equipment acquisition, fueling, maintenance, fare reduction, voucher programs, ticket integration, bike rack additions, conversion of fleets to hybrid and/or zero emission technology, and other costs to operate those services or facilities.

      • Low Carbon Transportation Investments - funds distributed by the California Air Resources Board to provide mobile source incentives to reduce GHG emissions, criteria pollutants, and air toxics through the development of advanced technology and clean transportation. The program is comprised of several sub-programs that provide a variety of disadvantaged community benefits.

      • Transit & Intercity Rail Capital - the California State Transportation Agency administers this competitive grant program for rail and bus transit operators for capital improvements to integrate state and local rail and other transit systems, including those located in disadvantaged communities, and those that provide connectivity to the high‐speed rail system.

    • Integrated Regional Water Management grant program

      DWR’s Integrated Regional Water Management grant program contributes to the state’s climate change efforts through the establishment of standards that address climate change and must be used to evaluate projects included in plans or updates. The implementation grant program funds projects that include greenhouse gas reduction or climate change adaptability as a primary or secondary benefit.

    • Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Program (Proposition 1 funding)

      The Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Program provides low-interest loan and grant agreements for planning and infrastructure improvements and related actions to meet safe drinking water standards, ensure affordable drinking water, or both. Proposition 1 funding is only available for projects benefiting small, disadvantaged communities.

Other Grant Aggregation Sites

There are a number of grant aggregation sites that provide information on open grant applications from federal and state agencies, as well as philanthropic and private grant makers. Here are a few sites to help you find grants that support a broad array of climate adaptation and mitigation projects and plans.

  • Funding Wizard

    The Funding Wizard, hosted and maintained by the California Air Resources Board, is a searchable database of grants, rebates and incentives to help you find funding opportunities in categories such as energy, air quality and climate change mitigation and adaptation, transportation, urban development, waste management, water and more.

  • Grants.Gov is your source to find and apply for federal grants. The US Department of Health and Human Services is the managing partner for this resource.

  • Uplift

    UpLiftCA was created by The Greenlining Institute in partnership with the California Climate Equity Coalition, led by the Asian Pacific Environmental Network, Coalition for Clean Air, The Greenlining Institute, Public Advocates and SCOPE.

Featured Resources

All Resources for Investing In Adaptation