Identifying and Overcoming Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation in San Francisco Bay: Results from Case Studies



California Energy Commission (CEC)




The research goals of this project were threefold: (1) to systematically identify the adaptation barriers encountered by local government entities; (2) to test empirically the robustness and usefulness of a diagnostic framework; and (3) to draw larger lessons about the adaptation process and the importance of adaptation barriers. To fulfill these goals, an in-depth study of five California case studies in the San Francisco Bay region (Hayward, San Francisco, Santa Clara and Marin Counties, and the regional adaptation efforts) was undertaken. With still very little visible adaptation activity “on the ground,” the study concluded that a big portion of what communities are doing to date is working on overcoming the barriers to adaptation instead.

Climate Impact Tags

Extreme heat Flooding Sea level rise

Adaptation Planning Guide Phases

Phase 4: Implement, Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust

Resource Type Tags

Assessment Planning and policy guidance Project or example


Extent: Alameda County, Contra Costa County, Hayward, Marin County, Napa County, San Francisco, San Mateo County, Santa Clara County, Solano County, Sonoma County


Last updated: July 14, 2024