CTP Case Study: Duplication of Programs



California Governor's Office of Planning and Research (OPR)




This case study offers insight on the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)'s Duplication of Programs (DOP) policy, and discusses project eligibility challenges for prospective applicants interested in accessing FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs. This case study serves as a resource for state partners, local jurisdictions, and adaptation and hazard mitigation practitioners interested in accessing these funds. This case study is part of a Cooperative Technical Partners agreement between FEMA and the Governor's Office of Planning and Research (OPR). OPR received a partnership grant from FEMA Region 9 to support a pipeline of State-supported hazard mitigation projects for FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs. Through CTP, OPR and FEMA partner to guide non-traditional, “hard-to-reach" projects through HMA eligibility, specifically focusing on projects that incorporate nature-based solutions. FEMA identified an initial list of hard-to-reach project types that include healthy soils, urban greening, and seismic safety for multi-family homes. These project types, including several others, are considered new mitigation strategies that might be difficult to evaluate using FEMA-approved methodologies and are the focus of this case study.

Climate Impact Tags

Drought Extreme heat Extreme storms Flooding Ocean acidification Sea level rise Snowpack Temperature Wildfire

Adaptation Planning Guide Phases

Phase 1: Define, Explore, and Initiate Phase 4: Implement, Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust

Resource Type Tags

ICARP Case Study


Extent: California


Last updated: April 18, 2024