Office of National Marine Sanctuaries




This report is a science-based assessment of the North-central California coast and ocean region’s focal resources’ vulnerability to future climate conditions. Focal resources include habitats, species, and ecosystem services. These resources were assessed for their exposure and sensitivity to climate changes and non-climate stressors and adaptive capacity. In addition to sea level rise, this report considers other climate change stressors such as changes in sediment supply, alterations of currents and mixing, decreased availability of dissolved oxygen (DO), El Niño events, changes in salinity, and changes in sea surface temperatures. Coastal habitats in the study region, including beaches and dunes, estuaries, and the rocky intertidal, along with associated species and ecosystem services, were identified through this assessment as being most vulnerable, and will likely be prioritized for future management action. Ultimately, the report’s goal is to provide marine resource managers with the knowledge to respond to, plan, and manage for the impacts of climate change to habitats, species, and ecosystem services within the region.


Extreme storms Flooding Ocean acidification Sea level rise Temperature

Resource Type



Extent: Marin County, Mendocino County, San Francisco County, San Mateo County, Sonoma County


Last updated: Sept. 18, 2020