Adaptation Finance Challenges: Characteristic Patterns Facing California Local Governments and Ways to Overcome Them



Susanne Moser Research & Consulting, Department of Water Resources, Local Government Commission, ICF




This technical report from California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment advances the understanding of local governments' climate change adaptation finance challenges by examining the nature of those challenges and proposing solutions to address them. Using a multi-methods approach, including a broad literature review, an online survey, multiple stakeholder workshops and documentary analyses, the study finds financial barriers to be among the most significant adaptation barriers; determines adaptation to be extremely cost-effective; describes 15 unique “archetypes” of adaptation finance challenges along with possible interventions; and develops an organizing framework of adaptation finance mechanisms that provides an overview of potentially available funding sources.

Climate Impact Tags

Adaptation Planning Guide Phases

Phase 1: Define, Explore, and Initiate Phase 2: Assess Vulnerability Phase 3: Define Adaptation Framework and Strategies

Resource Type Tags

Scientific study


Extent: California


Last updated: Dec. 4, 2022